CBD is a cannabis compound but most often, it is not the only component of cannabidiol products. CBD products have a varying compositions of cannabinoids and other compounds depending on the spectrum option they belong to. Talking about spectrum options, a cannabidiol product can belong to any of the three spectrum options, full spectrum, broad spectrum and CBD isolate.
What Is Full Spectrum CBD?
As the name suggests, full spectrum CBD has all essential cannabinoids, terpenes and flavinoids of hemp plant. The cannabinoids include:
- CBD( Cannabidiol)
- CBDA(Cannabidiolic acid)
The THC percentage in full spectrum CBD has to be strictly kept below 0.3% for the product to be regarded as legal.
What Is Broad Spectrum CBD?
The major feature that distinguishes broad spectrum CBD from full spectrum CBD is the absence of THC in it. While full spectrum CBD has less than 0.3% THC in it, broad spectrum CBD contains 0% THC, except for that fact, a broad spectrum CBD product has all compounds that a full spectrum cannabidiol product has. It includes cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids in hemp.
Broad Spectrum CBD Vs Full Spectrum CBD
Let us make a comparison between broad spectrum CBD and full spectrum CBD.
The content profile is regarded as the benchmark for distinguishing between broad spectrum and full spectrum CBD. Full spectrum CBD has all essential hemp compounds including THC but in amounts less than 0.3%. Any cannabis product that has more than 0.3% THC will not get the legal protection guaranteed by the US Farm Bill. Their sale and possession will be dealt with by sticking on to the Marijuana laws in the US states.
Broad spectrum CBD products do not have THC even in trace amounts. However, they have all other essential hemp compounds.
THC is a psychoactive compound that has the ability to give a high to the users. But the trace amounts of THC in hemp CBD products are incapable of causing a euphoric effect in users. Hence all the worries of intoxication and addiction lack reason. However, the presence of THC even in minimal amounts can influence the results of drug tests.
As drug tests screen for the presence of THC, full spectrum CBD may lead to a positive drug result. But broad spectrum CBD does not put you in trouble because it lacks THC. People who have to take regular drug tests prefer broad spectrum CBD to full spectrum CBD.
Entourage effect is the synergistic effect produced by the combined action of multiple hemp compounds. The effect enhances the overall benefits of the cannabidiol product. The effect cannot be expected when you take a CBD product with cannabidiol as its exclusive content (for eg: CBD isolate).
Both full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD has more than one hemp compound. Hence, both generate the entourage effect on users.
Before some years, it was believed CBD in isolation offered maximum benefits to the users. However, in 2005 a group of researchers found that test subjects administered with full spectrum CBD experienced better relief than those that received CBD isolate. In addition, the test found that full spectrum CBD offered improved effects when dosages were increased while the effects of CBD isolate maintained consistency while increasing the dosage.
The more hemp compounds a cannabidiol product has, the stronger will be its flavor. Because full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD has many hemp cannabinoids and terpenes, they will have strong earthy flavors that some find putting-off.
Although higher doses of THC causes a high in the users and may lead to substance addiction, you cannot deny its therapeutic potential. It has various applications in cancer therapy, primarily in the treatment of side effects associated with cancer treatment. It has sleep-inducing, anxiolytic, anti-emetic and analgesic properties.
When you compare the therapeutic benefits of full spectrum CBD with that of broad spectrum CBD, we find that the former is more potent than the latter due to the presence of THC.
However, the THC content has to be maintained below the legally specified limit, lest you may experience associated side effects.
What Is The Significance Of Short Path Distillation In Making Broad Spectrum CBD?
The extraction of hemp compounds is just one among the multiple steps in manufacturing. If you are employing the CO2 extraction technique, you would require steps like winterization and short path distillation depending on the desired spectrum option.
Winterization is performed to filter out the plant waxes and fats from the crude CBD oil extracted using CO2. Short path distillation is performed to isolate each of the cannabinoids individually from the crude oil. In the process, the crude hemp extract is heated to obtain isolated compounds. The different boiling points of hemp compounds govern the whole distillation process. To make full spectrum CBD, the isolated THC has to be removed from the extract.
The choice of full spectrum or broad spectrum CBD is influenced by the professions that CBD users are in and the severity of their medical condition.